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Final Days – Jesus’ Last 48 Days On Earth

on February 24, 2015

FINAL DAYS (2)Memory Verse: Acts 4:11

Life Application: Jesus will come again.

 

Bible Text:

Acts 4:11

John 12:12- 13

Matthew 26:17-25

John 13:2-11

Matthew 26:26-30

Matthew 26:36-46

Matthew 26:47-50

John 5:18

Matthew 26:57-58

Matthew 27:19-24

Matthew 27:27-31

Matthew 27: 50-54

Matthew 28:5-7

Matthew 28:19,20

Acts 1:4-11

 

After Jesus had ministered for 3 years, He had made several enemies among the Jewish leaders. They did not believe that He was the Son of God. They wanted Him killed and plotted how they could do it without turning the people against them. One of Jesus’ disciples, Judas, agreed to point Jesus out to them.

Day 1 – The Triumphal Entry (Palm Sunday)

John 12:12- 13 NKJV

“The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!” The King of Israel!”

On the Sunday, prior to Jesus’ crucifixion on Friday, He rode into Jerusalem riding on a donkey. Today we know this event as Palm Sunday. The priest had just passed by the people with the Passover lamb that was going to be sacrificed on Passover. When the people saw Jesus they began to wave the palm branches that they had and shout “Hosanna!” “Hosanna” means save us now!

The crowds spread their coats on the ground for the donkey with Jesus to walk over. This made the religious leaders very angry. After this Jesus taught in the temple for several days after this event.

Day 5 – Passover

On the Thursday, after arriving on Sunday, Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples. Today, many refer to this as the Last Supper. Passover is a feast remembering the exodus from Egypt. Passover also points to Jesus Christ as our Passover lamb. During the meal Jesus told them that one of them would betray Him. Shortly after saying that, Judas left the room and went to the religious leaders.

Matthew 26:17-25 NKJV

“Now on the first day of the Feast of the Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?”
And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.”’”
So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover.
When evening had come, He sat down with the twelve.
Now as they were eating, He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.”
And they were exceedingly sorrowful, and each of them began to say to Him, “Lord, is it I?”
He answered and said, “He who dipped his hand with Me in the dish will betray Me.
The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of Him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.”
Then Judas, who was betraying Him, answered and said, “Rabbi, is it I?” He said to him, “You have said it.”

When the Passover meal was ended Jesus washed the disciples feet.

John 13:2-11 NKJV

“And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him,
Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God,
rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself. After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded. Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, “Lord, are You washing my feet?” Jesus answered and said to him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this.” Peter said to Him, “You shall never wash my feet!” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.” Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!” Jesus said to him, “He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.” For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, “You are not all clean.”

Day 5 – Communion

Matthew 26:26-30 NKJV

“And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.
For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.”

During the meal, Jesus gave us the Lord’s Supper (communion). Communion is a very intimate time between a person and Jesus. It is a time to remember what Jesus has provided for us, a time to look toward His future return, and a time to commit to preparing to be His bride.

 

Day 5 – Garden of Gethsemane

Matthew 26:36-46 NKJV

“Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to the disciples, “Sit here while I go and pray over there.”
And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed.
Then He said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here and watch with Me.”
He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.”
Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What! Could you not watch with Me one hour?
Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if this cup cannot pass away from Me unless I drink it, Your will be done.”
And He came and found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy.
So He left them, went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.
Then He came to His disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand.”

Late Thursday night, after Jesus and His remaining 11 disciples finished the Passover meal and the institution of communion, they sang a hymn then went to the Garden of Gethsemane. In the Garden Jesus spent the night in prayer.

Jesus knew that He was about to be crucified. He was praying for God to give Him the strength to fulfill what He had came to do. Jesus was also praying for us and for God’s will to be done.

 

Day 6 – Jesus’ Arrest & Trial

Matthew 26:47-50 NKJV

“And while He was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, with a great multitude with swords and clubs, came from the chief priests and elders of the people.
Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him.”
Immediately he went up to Jesus and said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed Him.
But Jesus said to him, “Friend, why have you come?” Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and took Him.”

In the pre-dawn hours of Friday morning, while Jesus was in the Garden, Judas lead a group of soldiers to Jesus and the disciples. Judas knew that he would find Jesus there. Judas went up to Jesus and kissed Him – Judas had told the religious leaders that the one he kissed would be Jesus.

John 5:18 NKJV

“Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.”

The soldiers arrested Jesus and He was charged with blasphemy. First Jesus was taken to Annas, then He was led to the high priest Caiaphas, and the Sanhedrin. They wanted Jesus killed, but according to their “religious laws” they could not do it personally, so they sent Jesus to Pontius Pilate. Caiaphas, and the Sanhedrin arranged for false witnesses to testify against Jesus, hoping that Pontius Pilate would have Jesus crucified.

Matthew 26:57-58 NKJV

“And those who had laid hold of Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. But Peter followed Him at a distance to the high priest’s courtyard. And he went in and sat with the servants to see the end.”

Pontius Pilate questioned Jesus then had Jesus sent to Herod. Herod and his men mocked Jesus then sent Him back to Pontius Pilate.

Matthew 27:19-24 NKJV

“While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that just Man, for I have suffered many things today in a dream because of Him.”
But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus.
The governor answered and said to them, “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?” They said, “Barabbas!”
Pilate said to them, “What then shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?” They all said to him, “Let Him be crucified!”
Then the governor said, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they cried out all the more, saying, “Let Him be crucified!”
When Pilate saw that he could not prevail at all, but rather that a tumult was rising, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, “I am innocent of the blood of this just Person. You see to it.”

Pontius Pilate questioned Jesus again and found no fault in Him. He wanted to have Jesus whipped then released. The religious leaders and the crowd began to cry out, “Crucify Him!”. In the end, Pontius Pilate sentencing Jesus to death.

 

Day 6 – Jesus’ Crucifixion, Death & Burial

Matthew 27:27-31 NKJV

“Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him.
And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him. When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head. And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.”

God knew that sin had to be punished and that someone who had never sinned would needed to take the punishment. Jesus Christ was the only person that never sinned, therefore He was the only person that would be acceptable as a sacrifice. Jesus made a way to God by dying on the cross for our sins.

The Roman soldiers publicly whipped Jesus and then hung Him on a cross at 3:00 pm, at the same time that the Passover lamb was being sacrificed. Jesus was crucified at a place called Golgotha, also known as the “Skull.”

Crucifixion was a humiliating and agonizing form of death. Jesus chose to suffer the whipping, the bruising, and the pain of the cross because He knew it was the only way a sacrifice could be made for the sins of the world.

As Jesus hung on the cross He could have called angels to rescue Him, but He chose not to. He was obedient to the Father even to the point of death.

Matthew 27: 50-54 NKJV

“And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.
Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split, and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised;
and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many.
So when the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!”

Jesus was taken down from the cross prior to 6:00 pm and buried in a garden tomb that was secured with an official Roman seal and guard.

 

Day 8 – The Empty Tomb / Jesus’ Resurrection

On the first day of the week (early Sunday morning) some of Jesus’ friends, Mary Magdalene and another Mary, went to finish anointing Jesus’ body. In the garden they met an angel who told them that Jesus was not there. The angel told them to, “Come and see the place where He lay, then go quickly and tell the disciples.”

Jesus has risen from the dead and He was no longer in the tomb.

Matthew 28:5-7 NKJV

“But the angel answered and said to the women, ‘Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly and tell His disciples that He is risen from the dead, and indeed He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him. Behold, I have told you.’ ”

 

Day 8 – Jesus Goes Into Hades and to Heaven

After Jesus’ resurrection He went to Hades to preach to the people that had died and to take the keys to Death and Hell from Satan. When Jesus left Hades with the keys to Death and Hell, He led those that had been captive free. Then Jesus went to the temple in heaven and presented His own blood as a sacrifice for all the sins of every person.

 

Day 8 – Day 48

After Jesus’ resurrection from the dead, He stayed on earth for 40 days, appearing to many different people, then He ascended into heaven. During this time Jesus told His followers that He would send them a Helper, the Holy Spirit, after He left. Prior to His ascension, Jesus also told His followers to go into all the world and make disciples.

Matthew 28:19,20 NIV

“Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.”

Day 48 – Jesus Returns To Heaven

Jesus gave the disciples the command to go into all the world and make disciples. We call this commandment “The Great Commission.”

Acts 1:4-11 NKJV

“And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.” Therefore, when they had come together, they asked Him, saying, “Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” And He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority. But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.” Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, who also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.”

After Jesus gave the command, He told them that they would receive power to be His witnesses. As soon as He spoke that He began to float up into heaven. Those standing there watch Jesus go out of sight. Then two angels appeared to them and told them that Jesus would return to earth the same way He left.

Review

1. The Jewish leaders did not believe that _______________ was the Son of God.

 

2. The Jewish leaders wanted Jesus killed, but in a way that would not ____________ the people against them.

 

3. Who agreed to point Jesus out to the Jewish leaders?

 

4. On the Sunday prior to His crucifixion, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a ________________.

 

5. What is Palm Sunday?

 

.

6. When the people saw Jesus they began to wave the ______________ ____________________that they had and shout “Hosanna!”

 

7. What does hosanna mean?

8. The crowds spread their coats on the ground for the donkey with Jesus to walk over. How did this effect the Jewish leaders?

 

9. Jesus celebrated the Passover with His _____________________.

 

10. We refer to Jesus’ last Passover meal as the ____________ _______________.

 

11. What does the Passover feast remember?

 

12. To believers, Passover points to Jesus Christ as our ____________________ ______________.

 

13. During the meal Jesus told them that one of them would betray Him. What does betray mean?

 

14. When the Passover meal was ended Jesus ________________ the disciples feet.

 

15. During the meal Jesus gave us the Lord’s Supper. What is the Lord’s Supper?

 

16. Communion is …

* a very __________________ time between a person and Jesus.

* a time to ______________________ what Jesus has provided for us.

* a time to look toward Jesus’ ________________ return.

* a time to commit to preparing to be Jesus’ ______________.

 

17. Where did Jesus and His disciples go after the Passover meal?

 

18. In the garden Jesus spent the night in ____________________.

 

19. Jesus prayed…

* for the strength to _________________ what He had came to do.

* for us

* for God’s ___________ to be done.

 

20. Judas lead a group of __________________ to Jesus and the disciples.

 

21. The soldiers arrested Jesus and He was charged with blasphemy. What is blasphemy?

 

22. Why did the Jewish leaders take Jesus to Pontius Pilate?

 

23.Caiaphas, and the Sanhedrin arranged for _____________ ___________________ to testify against Jesus.

 

24. Pontius Pilate questioned Jesus then had Jesus sent to Herod. What did Herod and his men do?

 

25. Jesus Christ was the only person that never ________________.

 

26. Jesus made a __________ to God by dying on the cross for our sins.

 

27. What time was Jesus hung?

 

28. What else was going on at this time?

 

29. What was Golgotha also known as?

 

30. As Jesus hung on the cross He could have called angels to rescue Him. Why didn‘t He?

 

31. Jesus was taken down from the cross prior to _______________ and buried in a garden tomb that was secured with an official Roman seal and guard.

 

32. Early Sunday morning some of Jesus’ friends went to finish anointing His body.

Who did they meet?

 

What were they told?

 

33. After Jesus’ resurrection …

* He went to Hades to preach to the people that had died and to take the ___________ to Death and Hell from Satan.

* He led those that had been _______________ free.

* He went to the temple in heaven and presented His own ________________ as a sacrifice for all the sins of every person.

* He stayed on earth for ________________ days, appearing to many different people.

 

34.Jesus told His followers that He would send them a Helper, the _____________ _______________, after He left.

 

35. Jesus also told His followers to go into all the world and make disciples. We call this commandment what?

 

36. Jesus will ___________________ to earth the same way He left.

 

 

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