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Cain And Abel

on October 6, 2017

Bible Text:
Genesis 4:1-17

 

God sent Adam and Eve out of the Garden of Eden and into the world to live and work. When they lived in the garden they could talk to God face to face. They would spend time in the evenings walking and fellowshipping with Him. But since sin had come between them, they could no longer do this. They were no longer free to enjoy this privilege. God is a holy God and sin separates man from Him. Now when they came to God they had to build an alter made out of rocks. On the alter they would place an offering or a gift for God, then they would burn it. After that they would pray to God.
For a while it was just the two of them, they were all alone. After a while Eve gave birth to a baby boy. They named him Cain. Several years later, Eve gave birth to second baby boy and they named him Abel. Later on Adam and Eve had other children, sons and daughters.

Genesis 4:1-2 NKJV
“Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, “I have acquired a man from the Lord.” Then she bore again, this time his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.”

The boys grew up playing and sharing with each other just like brothers do today. When they were old enough they helped their father work. Cain chose to work in the fields, raising grains and fruits and vegetables. He became a farmer. Abel chose to work with the sheep and the other livestock. He became a shepherd. Each one of them doing the work that they liked best.
One day the brothers decided to give an offering to God. Cain brought some fruit and some grain that he had grown and placed it on the alter. Abel brought the firstborn of his sheep from his flock, killed it, and burned it on the alter.

Genesis 4:3-6 NKJV
“And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the Lord. Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the Lord respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.”

Abel offered the very best that he had to God and God was very pleased. God respected Abel and his offering. However, He did not respect Cain or his offering because it was a “token” offering. Cain had not given his very best to God nor had given it for the right reasons.

Genesis 4:6-7 NKJV
“So the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen?
If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.”

Cain became very angry and jealous. “Why are you angry?” asked God. “Why are you frowning and sulking? If you do well I will accept you too. But if you do not do well you will be overtaken by sin.”
God told Cain that he could get it right. He didn’t have to be angry because he could do well if he chose to. God was giving Cain another chance to make things right concerning his offering.

Genesis 4:8 NKJV
“Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.”

One day while the two brothers were in a field together Cain and Abel talked with each other. Then Cain picked up something from the ground and hit his brother in the head. The blow was so hard that Abel instantly fell to the ground and all of his blood flowed out of the wound unto the ground. In moments Able lay dead at his brother’s feet. Cain had been so angry that he had allowed the sin of jealousy to so consume him that he murdered his very own brother.

Genesis 4:9-12 NJKV
“Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” And He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground. So now you are cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you till the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you. A fugitive and a vagabond you shall be on the earth.”

A short time later Cain heard they voice of God, “Where is Abel your brother?”
Angrily Cain replied, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”
“What have you done Cain?” asked God. “The voice of your brother’s blood cried out to Me from the ground.”

Genesis 4:13-14 NKJV
“And Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is greater than I can bear!
Surely You have driven me out this day from the face of the ground; I shall be hidden from Your face; I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond on the earth, and it will happen that anyone who finds me will kill me.”

When confronted with his sin, Cain still would not admit guilt nor remorse. “Cain, you are cursed from the ground, which has opened it’s mouth to receive your brother’s blood shed by you!” said God. “From now on you will wander about the land like a fugitive and you will have no permanent home.”
Cain was not sorry for what he had done, but he was upset about his punishment. “My punishment is greater than I can bear! You are driving out of this land and away from You. I will be like a man on the run and I won’t have any place to call my home. I will probably be killed by someone else.” complained Cain. He was afraid that his other sisters and brothers might try to take vengeance into their own hands.

Genesis 4:15-17 NKJV
“And the Lord said to him, “Therefore, whoever kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And the Lord set a mark on Cain, lest anyone finding him should kill him. Then Cain went out from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. And he built a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son—Enoch.”

So God gave a command for no one to kill Cain, and He put a mark on Cain so that people would know it was him. Then Cain went out from the presence of God and lived in the land of Nod, which was on the east side of Eden.

 

Memory Verse
“Now Cain talked with Abel his brother, and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose against Abel his brother and killed him.”
Genesis 4:8

 

Life Application
Anger can cause a person to sin.

 

Review Questions
1. Why did God send Adam and Eve out of the garden?

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2. While in the garden, Adam and Eve would spend time in the evenings walking and ________________________ with God.

3. Sin ________________________ man from God.

4. What were the names of Eve’s sons?

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5. What offering did Cain give to God?

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6. What offering did Abel give to God?

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7. Why did Cain kill Abel?

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8, God gave Cain another ______________________ to make things right concerning his offering.

9. Cain allowed the sin of __________________ to consume him.

10. Cain was not sorry for what he had done, but he was upset about what?

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