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Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

David

david Memory Verse: Psalm 51:10

Bible Truth: While running your race keep your heart pure.

King Saul had disobeyed God on many occasions which caused God to reject him as Israel’s king. This made Samuel sad. One day God asked Samuel how long was he going to be sad over it. Then God told Samuel to fill a container with oil because He was going to send him to Bethlehem to anoint someone else to be Israel’s king. God had picked out someone from a man named Jesse’s family. Samuel was concerned because he thought that King Saul would kill him if he found out. So God told Samuel to go and do what He had instructed Him to do but to take some things for a sacrifice. Then he could tell people that he had come to sacrifice to God, instead of the real reason he was there.

1 Samuel 16:1-3 NKJV
“Now the Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.” And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the Lord said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”

Samuel prepared the items that he needed and took them with him to Bethlehem. When the people in Bethlehem saw Samuel they were alarmed and asked him why he was there. Samuel told the people that he was there to sacrifice to the Lord, which was what God had instructed him to say. He invited the elders to come to the sacrifice and then he went and invited Jesse and his sons.

1 Samuel 16:4-5 NKJV

“So Samuel did what the Lord said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.”

When Jesse’s family came, Samuel saw one of his sons named Eliab. Samuel thought to himself, “Surely he is the one!”

1 Samuel 16:6 NKJV

“So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is before Him!”

However, God told Samuel not to look at the outward appearance. God had not chosen Eliab. Then He told Samuel that He did not look at the outside of a person – He looked at the heart of a person instead.

1 Samuel 16:7 NKJV

“But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

God was showing Samuel that how a person looks on the outside isn’t important. He shouldn’t be judged by his physical appearance. What really matters is a person’s heart attitude toward God.

Samuel was learning that God looks at what’s on the inside of a person and not at the outward appearance.

1 Samuel 16:8-10 NKJV

“So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen these.”

One by one Jesse’s sons were shown to Samuel. Samuel looked at all seven of them and stated that God had not chosen any of them. Then he asked Jesse if that was all his sons – did he have any more?

Jessie told Samuel that he had one more son. He was the youngest son and he was out in the field taking care of the sheep. Samuel told Jesse to bring that son to him, and that they would not sit down to eat until he was there with them.

1 Samuel 16:11 NKJV

“And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.”

So someone went out into the field and brought David, Jessie’s youngest son, to where Samuel and the others were. When Samuel say David, God instructed him to anoint him as the chosen king.

1 Samuel 16:12 NKJV

“So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!”

God had rejected all seven of David’s brothers and chosen David instead as the king. David was very young and to the natural eye and because of his appearance he would not have been the best choice, however God did not look at David’s outward appearance. He looked at David’s heart. In David’s heart God saw love and trust in God, a desire to please God, and a heart completely committed to God. David’s heart-attitude pleased God, and God was going to use him to lead His people.

1 Samuel 16:13 NKJV

“Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.”

Samuel took the oil that he had brought with him and he anointed David as the next king of Israel. After that Samuel went to Ramah and David returned to the field of sheep. For a period of time David continued to work in the fields taking care of the sheep while he awaited God’s time for him to become king.

Camp Challenge

God searches our hearts instead of looking at our appearances. Man looks at the outside of a person however, God looks at a person’s heart. What’s inside a persons heart is far more important and significant that their physical appearance or their natural abilities.

Psalm 7:9 NKJV

“For the righteous God tests the heart and minds.”

Everything that comes out of our mouth begins on the inside (innermost part) of us.

Matthew 12:33-37 NKJV

“Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for a tree is known by its fruit. Brood of vipers! How can you being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings firth evil things. But I say to you that for every idle word men speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment. For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”

God knows everything in our hearts – every motive, desire, dream and word, even before we express it. God will search (test, examine) each person’s heart to see what is in it. He searches our hearts so that He can help us. Like David, we too should desire for God to examine our hearts (and our thoughts) and to purge us of sin so that we may have everlasting life.

Psalm 139:1-24 NKJV

“O Lord, You have searched me and known me.

You know my sitting down and my rising up;

You understand my thought afar off.

You comprehend my path and my lying down,

And are acquainted with all my ways.

For there is not a word on my tongue,

But behold, O Lord, You know it altogether.

You have hedged me behind and before,

And laid Your hand upon me.

Such knowledge is too wonderful for me;

It is high, I cannot attain it.

Where can I go from Your Spirit?

Or where can I flee from Your presence?

If I ascend into heaven, You are there;

If I make my bed in hell, behold, You are there.

If I take the wings of the morning,

And dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea,

Even there Your hand shall lead me,

And Your right hand shall hold me.

If I say,

‘Surely the darkness shall fall on me,’

Even the night shall be light about me;

Indeed, the darkness shall not hide from You,

But the night shines as the day;

The darkness and the light are both alike to You.

For You formed my inward parts;

You covered me in my mother’s womb.

I praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made;

Marvelous are Your works,

And that my soul knows very well.

My frame was not hidden from You,

When I was made in secret,

And skillfully wrought in the lowest parts of the earth.

Your eyes saw my substance, being yet unformed.

And in Your book they all were written,

The days fashioned for me,

When as yet there were none of them.

How precious also are Your thoughts to me, O God!

How great is the sum of them!

If I should count them, they would be more in number than the sand;

When I awake, I am still with You.

Oh, that You would slay the wicked O God!

Depart from me, therefore you bloodthirsty me.

For they speak against You wickedly;

Your enemies take Your name in vain.

Do I not hate them, O Lord, who hate You?

And do I not loathe those who rise up against You?

I hate them with perfect hatred;

I count them my enemies.

Search me, O God, and know my heart;

Try me, and know my anxieties;

And see if there is any wicked way in me,

And lead me in the way everlasting.”

The Bible tells us that whatever is in the heart will come out of our mouths. It also tells us that each one of us will give an account for every idle (unfounded) word that we speak. That our words will either justify us or condemn us. God desires for us to ask Him to search our hearts. Not so that He can condemn us but to help us.

Psalm 51:10 NKJV

“Create in me a clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit within me.”

Prayer Points

Ask God to search your heart.

Ask God to help you not judge people by their outward appearance.

Ask God to help you be careful with the words you speak.

Ask God to reveal to you what’s in your heart.

Ask God to purge you of sin so that you may have everlasting life.

Ask God to create in you a clean heart.

Ask God to renew a steadfast spirit within you.

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Abigail Helps To Bring Peace

abigail 

Memory Verse: Hebrews 12:14

Bible Truth: God wants you to be a peacemaker.

1 Samuel 25:3 NKJV

“The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And she was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance; but the man was harsh and evil in his doings. He was of the house of Caleb.”

Nabal was a very rich man. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. His home and business were in a wilderness area. He was a target for thieves and bandits because of the location and because of his great wealth. At the time of sheep shearing, David sent word to Nabal asking for a reward for the services that he had been given. David and his men had protected the flocks of Nabal as well as his possessions. Nabal would have plenty of money on hand from the sale of the wool to pay David and his men. David had left the amount of the reward due up to Nabal to decide since no certain price had been set.

1 Samuel 25:4-11 NKJV

“When David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep,
David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmel, go to Nabal, and greet him in my name.
And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity: ‘Peace be to you, peace to your house, and peace to all that you have! Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your shepherds were with us, and we did not hurt them, nor was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmel. Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we come on a feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David.’” So when David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David, and waited. Then Nabal answered David’s servants, and said, “Who is David, and who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his master. Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men when I do not know where they are from?”

When David’s men went to Nabal to ask for what they were due, Nabal acted like he didn’t know David and spoke of him in a mocking tone. Nabal even suggested that David was a runaway servant. The behavior (conduct) of Nabal and his response to David’s men was very foolish and defiantly the wrong thing to do. One of Nabel’s workers went to Abigail and told her everything that had happened. Both, what David and his men had done for them and the way that her husband had treated David’s men. The servants were very angry at Nabal because his actions put their life in danger.

1 Samuel 25:12-16 NKJV

“So David’s young men turned on their heels and went back; and they came and told him all these words.
Then David said to his men, “Every man gird on his sword.” So every man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his sword. And about four hundred men went with David, and two hundred stayed with the supplies. Now one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master; and he reviled them. But the men were very good to us, and we were not hurt, nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when we were in the fields. They were a wall to us both by night and day, all the time we were with them keeping the sheep”

Abigail knew that her husband was wrong and that she would have to take matters into her own hands. She immediately knew that she need to try to make things right with David. She gathered up a lot of goods to give to David in hopes that he would accept it as compensation for what he and his men had done for Nabal. Abigail sent the provisions to David right away by some of their servants.

1 Samuel 25:18-22 NKJV

“Then Abigail made haste and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys.
And she said to her servants, “Go on before me; see, I am coming after you.” But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
So it was, as she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill; and there were David and his men, coming down toward her, and she met them. Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has repaid me evil for good.
May God do so, and more also, to the enemies of David, if I leave one male of all who belong to him by morning light.”

After the servants had left with the things to give to David, Abigail followed after them. As soon as Abigail saw David she got off her donkey and fell on her face before him. Humbly Abigail began to plead for mercy and forgiveness for Nabal. Abigail understood that the right thing to do was to show David respect and honor.

1 Samuel 25:23-31 NKJV

“Now when Abigail saw David, she dismounted quickly from the donkey, fell on her face before David, and bowed down to the ground. So she fell at his feet and said: “On me, my lord, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your maidservant speak in your ears, and hear the words of your maidservant. Please, let not my lord regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is, so is he: Nabal is his name, and folly is with him! But I, your maidservant, did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent. Now therefore, my lord, as the Lord lives and as your soul lives, since the Lord has held you back from coming to bloodshed and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now then, let your enemies and those who seek harm for my lord be as Nabal. And now this present which your maidservant has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord. Please forgive the trespass of your maidservant. For the Lord will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord fights the battles of the Lord, and evil is not found in you throughout your days.
Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek your life, but the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the Lord your God; and the lives of your enemies He shall sling out, as from the pocket of a sling. And it shall come to pass, when the Lord has done for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you ruler over Israel, that this will be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause, or that my lord has avenged himself. But when the Lord has dealt well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”

David called Abigail’s speech blessed because through it God had kept him from avenging himself with bloodshed. After receiving the provisions from Abigail, David told her to go in peace to her home because he had heeded her words and had respect for her.

1 Samuel 25:32-35 NKJV

“Then David said to Abigail: “Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me! And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand. For indeed, as the Lord God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surely by morning light no males would have been left to Nabal!” So David received from her hand what she had brought him, and said to her, “Go up in peace to your house. See, I have heeded your voice and respected your person.”

Camp Challenge

Peace can be described as the absence of hostility, strife, and disorder. It is also being calm and quiet, free from struggles in your mind and heart. In his writing to the Corinthians, Paul encouraged the believers to live in peace.

2 Corinthians 13:11 NKJV

“Finally, brethren, farewell. Become complete. Be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you.”

Abigail could have ignored the conflict between Nabal and David’s men, however if she had many people would have suffered. She chose to be a peacemaker. Instead of fighting and living in conflict God wants peace to rule our lives. He wants us to be a peacemaker.

Hebrews 12:14 NKJV

“Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord”

Hebrews 12:14 shows us that our relationship with others and our relationship with God are equally important. God wants us to be at peace with others and He wants us to be at peace with Him.

1 Thessalonians 5:13 NKJV

“…Be at peace among yourselves.”

Prayer Points

Ask God to help you be at peace with Him.

Ask God to help you be at peace with others.

Ask God to use you as a peacemaker.

Ask God for strength to be a peacemaker.

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Wholesome Conduct

wholesome conductMemory Verse: 1 Samuel 25:35

 

Life Application: Wholesome conduct will lead to respect.

 

Bible Text:

1 Peter 1:15-16

1 Samuel 25:3

1 Samuel 25:4-11

1 Samuel 25:12-16

1 Samuel 25:18-22

1 Samuel 25:23-31

1 Samuel 25:32-35

 

 

The word wholesome suggests a person of morals. Moral means good in character or conduct; virtuous; capable of understanding right and wrong. When we are wild about God it will show in our conduct. Our conduct should be holy. Our lives and everything about us should be totally dedicated to God. We are to separate ourselves from the sin of this world.

1 Peter 1:15-16 NKJV

“but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, because it is written, ‘Be holy, for I am holy’ ”

Abigail is an example of a wholesome person. Her character and conduct were above reproach.

 

1 Samuel 25:3 NKJV

“The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And she was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance; but the man was harsh and evil in his doings. He was of the house of Caleb.”

Nabal was a very rich man. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. His home and business were in a wilderness area. He was a target for thieves and bandits because of the location and because of his great wealth.

At the time of sheep shearing, David sent word to Nabal asking for a reward for the services that he had been given. David and his men had protected the flocks of Nabal as well as his possessions. Nabal would have plenty of money on hand from the sale of the wool to pay David and his men. David had left the amount of the reward due up to Nabal to decide since no certain price had been set.

 

1 Samuel 25:4-11 NKJV

“When David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep,
David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmel, go to Nabal, and greet him in my name.
And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity: ‘Peace be to you, peace to your house, and peace to all that you have! Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your shepherds were with us, and we did not hurt them, nor was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmel. Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we come on a feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David.’” So when David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David, and waited. Then Nabal answered David’s servants, and said, “Who is David, and who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his master. Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men when I do not know where they are from?”

When David’s men went to Nabal to ask for what they were due, Nabal acted like he didn’t know David and spoke of him in a mocking tone. Nabal even suggested that David was a runaway servant. The behavior (conduct) of Nabal and his response to David’s men was very foolish and defiantly the wrong thing to do. One of Nabel’s workers went to Abigail and told her everything that had happened. Both, what David and his men had done for them and the way that her husband had treated David’s men. The servants were very angry at Nabal because his actions put their life in danger.

 

1 Samuel 25:12-16 NKJV

“So David’s young men turned on their heels and went back; and they came and told him all these words.
Then David said to his men, “Every man gird on his sword.” So every man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his sword. And about four hundred men went with David, and two hundred stayed with the supplies. Now one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master; and he reviled them. But the men were very good to us, and we were not hurt, nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when we were in the fields. They were a wall to us both by night and day, all the time we were with them keeping the sheep”

Abigail knew that her husband was wrong and that she would have to take matters into her own hands. She immediately knew that she need to try to make things right with David. She gathered up a lot of goods to give to David in hopes that he would accept it as compensation for what he and his men had done for Nabal. Abigail sent the provisions to David right away by some of their servants.

1 Samuel 25:18-22 NKJV

“Then Abigail made haste and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys.
And she said to her servants, “Go on before me; see, I am coming after you.” But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
So it was, as she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill; and there were David and his men, coming down toward her, and she met them. Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has repaid me evil for good.
May God do so, and more also, to the enemies of David, if I leave one male of all who belong to him by morning light.”

After the servants had left with the things to give to David, Abigail followed after them. As soon as Abigail saw David she got off her donkey and fell on her face before him. Humbly Abigail began to plead for mercy and forgiveness for Nabal. Abigail understood that the right thing to do was to show David respect and honor. Her words to David showed him that she was a wholesome woman, full of truthfulness, and virtue and morals.

 

1 Samuel 25:23-31 NKJV

“Now when Abigail saw David, she dismounted quickly from the donkey, fell on her face before David, and bowed down to the ground. So she fell at his feet and said: “On me, my lord, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your maidservant speak in your ears, and hear the words of your maidservant. Please, let not my lord regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is, so is he: Nabal is his name, and folly is with him! But I, your maidservant, did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent. Now therefore, my lord, as the Lord lives and as your soul lives, since the Lord has held you back from coming to bloodshed and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now then, let your enemies and those who seek harm for my lord be as Nabal. And now this present which your maidservant has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord. Please forgive the trespass of your maidservant. For the Lord will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord fights the battles of the Lord, and evil is not found in you throughout your days.
Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek your life, but the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the Lord your God; and the lives of your enemies He shall sling out, as from the pocket of a sling. And it shall come to pass, when the Lord has done for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you ruler over Israel, that this will be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause, or that my lord has avenged himself. But when the Lord has dealt well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”

David called Abigail’s speech blessed because through it God had kept him from avenging himself with bloodshed. After receiving the provisions from Abigail, David told her to go in peace to her home because he had heeded her words and had respect for her.

 

1 Samuel 25:32-35 NKJV

“Then David said to Abigail: “Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me! And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand. For indeed, as the Lord God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surely by morning light no males would have been left to Nabal!” So David received from her hand what she had brought him, and said to her, “Go up in peace to your house. See, I have heeded your voice and respected your person.”

When Abigail returned home Nabal was very drunk so she did not say anything to him about what she had done. The next morning, after Nabal had sobered up, Abigail told him about giving the provisions to David. When Abigail told him about all that had happened Nabal heart became as stone, and after ten days Nabal died. His death was the result of God’s judgment upon him.

 

Review

1. What does the word “wholesome” suggest?

 

2. According to 1 Peter 1:15-16, what should our conduct be?

 

3. Abigail’s character and ______________ were above reproach.

 

4. Nabal’s home and business were in a wilderness area, making him a target for ____________ and ______________.

 

5. David and his men had ________________ the flocks of Nabal as well as his possessions.

 

6. When David’s men went to Nabal to ask for what they were due, Nabal acted like he didn’t know David and spoke of him in a _______________ tone.

 

7. One of Nabel’s workers went to ______________ and told her everything that had happened.

 

8. The servants were very angry at Nabal because his actions put their life in ____________.

 

9. Abigail immediately knew that she need to try to make things ___________ with David.

 

10. What did Abigail do?

 

11. When Abigail saw David what did she do?

 

12. David called Abigail’s speech blessed because through it God had kept him from _________________ himself with bloodshed.

 

13. After receiving the provisions from Abigail, what did David tell Abigail?

 

14. What was Nabal’s response when Abigail told him what she had done?

 

 

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God Looks At The Heart

GOD LOOKS AT THE HEARTGod Looks At The Heart

Memory Verse: 1 Samuel 16:7

Life Application: God looks at our heart, not at our appearance.

Bible Text:

1 Samuel 16:1-13

Matthew 22:37

1 John 1:9

Proverbs 4:23

Isaiah 59:2

Romans 6:23

 

King Saul had disobeyed God on many occasions which caused God to reject him as Israel’s king. This made Samuel sad. One day God asked Samuel how long was he going to be sad over it. Then God told Samuel to fill a container with oil because He was going to send him to Bethlehem to anoint someone else to be Israel’s king. God had picked out someone from a man named Jesse’s family.

Samuel was concerned because he thought that King Saul would kill him if he found out. So God told Samuel to go and do what He had instructed Him to do but to take some things for a sacrifice. Then he could tell people that he had come to sacrifice to God, instead of the real reason he was there.

1 Samuel 16:1-3  NKJV     “Now the Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.” And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the Lord said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”

          Samuel prepared the items that he needed and took them with him to Bethlehem. When the people in Bethlehem saw Samuel they were alarmed and asked him why he was there. Samuel told the people that he was there to sacrifice to the Lord, which was what God had instructed him to say. He invited the elders to come to the sacrifice and then he went and invited Jesse and his sons.

1 Samuel 16:4-5  NKJV     “So Samuel did what the Lord said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.”

          When Jesse’s family came, Samuel saw one of his sons named Eliab. Samuel thought to himself, “Surely he is the one!”

1 Samuel 16:6  NKJV     “So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is before Him!”

          However, God told Samuel not to look at the outward appearance. God had not chosen Eliab. Then He told Samuel that He did not look at the outside of a person – He looked at the heart of a person instead.

1 Samuel 16:7  NKJV     “But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

          God was  showing Samuel that how a person looks on the outside isn’t important. He shouldn’t be judged by his physical appearance. What really matters is a person’s heart attitude toward God.

Samuel was learning that God looks at what’s on the inside of a person and not at the outward appearance.

1 Samuel 16:8-10  NKJV     “So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen these.”

          One by one Jesse’s sons were shown to Samuel. Samuel looked at all seven of them and stated that God had not chosen any of them. Then he asked Jesse if that was all his sons – did he have any more?

Jessie told Samuel that he had one more son. He was the youngest son and he was out in the field taking care of the sheep.

Samuel told Jesse to bring that son to him, and that they would not sit down to eat until he was there with them.

1 Samuel 16:11  NKJV     “And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.”

          So someone went out into the field and brought David, Jessie’s youngest son, to where Samuel and the others were. When Samuel say David, God instructed him to anoint him as the chosen king.

1 Samuel 16:12  NKJV     “So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!”

          God had rejected all seven of David’s brothers and chosen David instead as the king. David was very young and to the natural eye and because of his appearance he would not have been the best choice, however God did not look at David’s outward appearance. He looked at David’s heart. What did God see in David’s heart and not in his brothers?

When God looked at David’s heart He saw love and trust in God, a desire to please God, and a heart completely committed to God. David’s heart-attitude pleased God, and God was going to use him to lead His people.

1 Samuel 16:13  NKJV     “Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.”

          Samuel took the oil that he had brought with him and he anointed David as the next king of Israel. After that Samuel went to Ramah and David returned to the field of sheep. For a period of time David continued to work in the fields taking care of the sheep while he awaited God’s time for him to become king.

 

Review

1. Why did God reject Saul as king?

 

2. What did God tell Samuel to do?

 

3. When he arrived in  Bethlehem Samuel told the people that he was there to ________________ to the Lord.

4. What did Samuel think about Eliab?

 

5. God told Samuel not to look at the ____________________ appearance.

6. How do we sometimes look at the outward appearance?

 

7. How are people sometimes judged by their outward appearance?

 

8. What a person looks on the outside isn’t as _____________________ as what‘s on the inside.

9. What really matters is a person’s heart ____________________ toward God.

10. Who was Jessie’s youngest son?

 

11. Describe David’s outward appearance?

 

12. When God looked at David’s heart He saw …

* love and ________________ in God

* a desire to _________________ God

* a heart completely ________________________ to God

 

13.  God was going to use David to ______________ His people.

14. After David was anointed the next king of Israel what did he do?

 

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