Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

God Looks At The Heart


Memory Verse: 1 Samuel 16:7

Life Application: God looks at our heart, not at our appearance.

Bible Text:

1 Samuel 16:1-13

Matthew 22:37

1 John 1:9

Proverbs 4:23

Isaiah 59:2

Romans 6:23


King Saul had disobeyed God on many occasions which caused God to reject him as Israel’s king. This made Samuel sad. One day God asked Samuel how long was he going to be sad over it. Then God told Samuel to fill a container with oil because He was going to send him to Bethlehem to anoint someone else to be Israel’s king. God had picked out someone from a man named Jesse’s family.

Samuel was concerned because he thought that King Saul would kill him if he found out. So God told Samuel to go and do what He had instructed Him to do but to take some things for a sacrifice. Then he could tell people that he had come to sacrifice to God, instead of the real reason he was there.

1 Samuel 16:1-3  NKJV     “Now the Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.” And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the Lord said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”

          Samuel prepared the items that he needed and took them with him to Bethlehem. When the people in Bethlehem saw Samuel they were alarmed and asked him why he was there. Samuel told the people that he was there to sacrifice to the Lord, which was what God had instructed him to say. He invited the elders to come to the sacrifice and then he went and invited Jesse and his sons.

1 Samuel 16:4-5  NKJV     “So Samuel did what the Lord said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.”

          When Jesse’s family came, Samuel saw one of his sons named Eliab. Samuel thought to himself, “Surely he is the one!”

1 Samuel 16:6  NKJV     “So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is before Him!”

          However, God told Samuel not to look at the outward appearance. God had not chosen Eliab. Then He told Samuel that He did not look at the outside of a person – He looked at the heart of a person instead.

1 Samuel 16:7  NKJV     “But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

          God was  showing Samuel that how a person looks on the outside isn’t important. He shouldn’t be judged by his physical appearance. What really matters is a person’s heart attitude toward God.

Samuel was learning that God looks at what’s on the inside of a person and not at the outward appearance.

1 Samuel 16:8-10  NKJV     “So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen these.”

          One by one Jesse’s sons were shown to Samuel. Samuel looked at all seven of them and stated that God had not chosen any of them. Then he asked Jesse if that was all his sons – did he have any more?

Jessie told Samuel that he had one more son. He was the youngest son and he was out in the field taking care of the sheep.

Samuel told Jesse to bring that son to him, and that they would not sit down to eat until he was there with them.

1 Samuel 16:11  NKJV     “And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.”

          So someone went out into the field and brought David, Jessie’s youngest son, to where Samuel and the others were. When Samuel say David, God instructed him to anoint him as the chosen king.

1 Samuel 16:12  NKJV     “So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!”

          God had rejected all seven of David’s brothers and chosen David instead as the king. David was very young and to the natural eye and because of his appearance he would not have been the best choice, however God did not look at David’s outward appearance. He looked at David’s heart. What did God see in David’s heart and not in his brothers?

When God looked at David’s heart He saw love and trust in God, a desire to please God, and a heart completely committed to God. David’s heart-attitude pleased God, and God was going to use him to lead His people.

1 Samuel 16:13  NKJV     “Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.”

          Samuel took the oil that he had brought with him and he anointed David as the next king of Israel. After that Samuel went to Ramah and David returned to the field of sheep. For a period of time David continued to work in the fields taking care of the sheep while he awaited God’s time for him to become king.



1. Why did God reject Saul as king?


2. What did God tell Samuel to do?


3. When he arrived in  Bethlehem Samuel told the people that he was there to ________________ to the Lord.

4. What did Samuel think about Eliab?


5. God told Samuel not to look at the ____________________ appearance.

6. How do we sometimes look at the outward appearance?


7. How are people sometimes judged by their outward appearance?


8. What a person looks on the outside isn’t as _____________________ as what‘s on the inside.

9. What really matters is a person’s heart ____________________ toward God.

10. Who was Jessie’s youngest son?


11. Describe David’s outward appearance?


12. When God looked at David’s heart He saw …

* love and ________________ in God

* a desire to _________________ God

* a heart completely ________________________ to God


13.  God was going to use David to ______________ His people.

14. After David was anointed the next king of Israel what did he do?


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