Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

Hannah Never Gave Up Praying


Memory Verse: 1 Samuel 1:10

Life Application: Never give up praying because God hears and answers your prayers.


Bible Text:

Psalm 127:3

Luke 1:25

1 Samuel 1:1-2

1 Samuel 1:3

1 Samuel 1:4-6

1 Samuel 1:7-11

1 Samuel 1:12–16

1 Samuel 1:17

1 Samuel 1:18-19

1 Samuel 1:20

1 Samuel 1:21-28

In Israel during Biblical times, children were considered a gift from God. To be childless was considered shameful.

Psalm 127:3 NKJV

“Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, The fruit of the womb is a reward.”

When a woman finally had a child she felt as though the reproach she had perversely experienced was removed.

Luke 1:25 NKJV

“Thus the Lord has dealt with me, in the days when He looked on me, to take away my reproach among people.”

Hannah, one of two wives of Elkanah, had no children, although she had been married for some time. Elkanah other wife, Peninnah, had children.

1 Samuel 1:1-2 NKJV

“Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim Zophim, of the mountains of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.”

Each year Elkanah family would faithfully go to Shiloh and worship and offer a sacrifice to God. During this time people went to offer sacrifices to God for various reasons.

1 Samuel 1:3 NKJV

“This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. Also the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the Lord, were there.”

Hannah was loved very much by her husband, even though she did not have any children. Elkanah treated her very kindly and special. He even gave her a double portion of the offering to give to God.

1 Samuel 1:4-6 NKJV

“And whenever the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although the Lord had closed her womb. And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the Lord had closed her womb.””

Peninnah teased Hannah year after year because she did not have any children. The teasing hurt Hannah so much it caused her to lose her appetite. Her childlessness affected her whole outlook on life. She could not even see her many blessings, such as God’s goodness in giving her a loving husband.

1 Samuel 1:7-11 NKJV

“So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore she wept and did not eat. Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?” So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of the Lord. And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. Then she made a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head.”

Hannah cried out to God, asking the Lord to give her a son. She earnestly, specifically, and believingly prayed to Him.

1 Samuel 1:12–16 NKJV

“And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. So Eli said to her, “How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!” But Hannah answered and said, “No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now.”

Hannah was praying so hard that her lips were moving but she wasn‘t making a sound., Eli, the priest, accused her of being drunk. She explained to Eli, the priest, that she was not drunk, but praying, because she was very sad.

1 Samuel 1:17 NKJV

“Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him.”

Eli told Hannah to go in peace. He reminded Hannah that as she brought her request to God in faith, she could have peace knowing that He would answer in the way best for her.

1 Samuel 1:18-19 NKJV

“And she said, “Let your maidservant find favor in your sight.” So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her.”

After speaking to Eli, Hannah was no longer sad or unhappy. She went her way rejoicing, knowing that God had truly heard her prayer. The next day Elkanah and his family returned home.

1 Samuel 1:20 NKJV

“So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the Lord.”

In time God answered Hannah’s prayer. Hannah had a son and she named him Samuel, which means “Heard by God.” After Samuel was weaned, Hannah took him to the house of God, where he lived and grew up. Hannah praised and thanked God for giving her a son.

1 Samuel 1:21-28 NKJV

“Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the Lord the yearly sacrifice and his vow. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “Not until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the Lord and remain there forever.” So Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you; wait until you have weaned him. Only let the Lord establish His word.” Then the woman stayed and nursed her son until she had weaned him.
Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bulls, one ephah of flour, and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord in Shiloh. And the child was young.
Then they slaughtered a bull, and brought the child to Eli. And she said, “O my lord! As your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood by you here, praying to the Lord. For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my petition which I asked of Him. Therefore I also have lent him to the Lord; as long as he lives he shall be lent to the Lord.” So they worshiped the Lord there.”



1.We are to never give up ___________________ because God hears and answers your prayers.

2. In Israel during Biblical times, children were considered a _________ ______ _____________.

3. Who were Elkanah two wives?

4. Each year Elkanah’s family would faithfully go to _______________ and worship and offer a sacrifice to God.

5. Hannah was ______________ very much by her husband.

6. How did Elkanah treat Hannah?



7. How did Peninnah treat Hannah?


8. Hannah’s childlessness affected her whole _________________ on life.

9. Hannah earnestly, specifically, and believingly ___________________ to God for a baby.

10. Why did Eli think Hannah was drunk?


11. After speaking to Eli Hannah left in peace knowing that God would ________________ in the way best for her.

12. God _______________ Hannah by giving her a son and she named him Samuel.

13. What does Samuel mean?

14. What did Hannah do after Samuel was weaned?


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God Looks At The Heart


Memory Verse: 1 Samuel 16:7

Life Application: God looks at our heart, not at our appearance.

Bible Text:

1 Samuel 16:1-13

Matthew 22:37

1 John 1:9

Proverbs 4:23

Isaiah 59:2

Romans 6:23


King Saul had disobeyed God on many occasions which caused God to reject him as Israel’s king. This made Samuel sad. One day God asked Samuel how long was he going to be sad over it. Then God told Samuel to fill a container with oil because He was going to send him to Bethlehem to anoint someone else to be Israel’s king. God had picked out someone from a man named Jesse’s family.

Samuel was concerned because he thought that King Saul would kill him if he found out. So God told Samuel to go and do what He had instructed Him to do but to take some things for a sacrifice. Then he could tell people that he had come to sacrifice to God, instead of the real reason he was there.

1 Samuel 16:1-3  NKJV     “Now the Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.” And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the Lord said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”

          Samuel prepared the items that he needed and took them with him to Bethlehem. When the people in Bethlehem saw Samuel they were alarmed and asked him why he was there. Samuel told the people that he was there to sacrifice to the Lord, which was what God had instructed him to say. He invited the elders to come to the sacrifice and then he went and invited Jesse and his sons.

1 Samuel 16:4-5  NKJV     “So Samuel did what the Lord said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.”

          When Jesse’s family came, Samuel saw one of his sons named Eliab. Samuel thought to himself, “Surely he is the one!”

1 Samuel 16:6  NKJV     “So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is before Him!”

          However, God told Samuel not to look at the outward appearance. God had not chosen Eliab. Then He told Samuel that He did not look at the outside of a person – He looked at the heart of a person instead.

1 Samuel 16:7  NKJV     “But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

          God was  showing Samuel that how a person looks on the outside isn’t important. He shouldn’t be judged by his physical appearance. What really matters is a person’s heart attitude toward God.

Samuel was learning that God looks at what’s on the inside of a person and not at the outward appearance.

1 Samuel 16:8-10  NKJV     “So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen these.”

          One by one Jesse’s sons were shown to Samuel. Samuel looked at all seven of them and stated that God had not chosen any of them. Then he asked Jesse if that was all his sons – did he have any more?

Jessie told Samuel that he had one more son. He was the youngest son and he was out in the field taking care of the sheep.

Samuel told Jesse to bring that son to him, and that they would not sit down to eat until he was there with them.

1 Samuel 16:11  NKJV     “And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.”

          So someone went out into the field and brought David, Jessie’s youngest son, to where Samuel and the others were. When Samuel say David, God instructed him to anoint him as the chosen king.

1 Samuel 16:12  NKJV     “So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!”

          God had rejected all seven of David’s brothers and chosen David instead as the king. David was very young and to the natural eye and because of his appearance he would not have been the best choice, however God did not look at David’s outward appearance. He looked at David’s heart. What did God see in David’s heart and not in his brothers?

When God looked at David’s heart He saw love and trust in God, a desire to please God, and a heart completely committed to God. David’s heart-attitude pleased God, and God was going to use him to lead His people.

1 Samuel 16:13  NKJV     “Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.”

          Samuel took the oil that he had brought with him and he anointed David as the next king of Israel. After that Samuel went to Ramah and David returned to the field of sheep. For a period of time David continued to work in the fields taking care of the sheep while he awaited God’s time for him to become king.



1. Why did God reject Saul as king?


2. What did God tell Samuel to do?


3. When he arrived in  Bethlehem Samuel told the people that he was there to ________________ to the Lord.

4. What did Samuel think about Eliab?


5. God told Samuel not to look at the ____________________ appearance.

6. How do we sometimes look at the outward appearance?


7. How are people sometimes judged by their outward appearance?


8. What a person looks on the outside isn’t as _____________________ as what‘s on the inside.

9. What really matters is a person’s heart ____________________ toward God.

10. Who was Jessie’s youngest son?


11. Describe David’s outward appearance?


12. When God looked at David’s heart He saw …

* love and ________________ in God

* a desire to _________________ God

* a heart completely ________________________ to God


13.  God was going to use David to ______________ His people.

14. After David was anointed the next king of Israel what did he do?


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