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Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

Rosh Hashanah Booklet For Children – From One Christian’s Perspective

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The Sounding Of The Trumpet

THE SOUNDING OF THE TRUMPET BIBLE STUDY

Memory Verse: 1 Corinthians 15:52

 

Life Application: I must be ready for Jesus’ return.

 

Bible Text:

1 Thessalonians 4:16

1 Corinthians 15:52

Micah 7:19

Psalm 107:2

Galatians 3:13

John 8:36

Romans 3:24

Zechariah 14:4

Revelation 20:11-15

1 Corinthians 15:25

Revelation21:1-2

 

Rosh Hashanah means “head of the year” or “first of the year.” It is the Jewish New Year. It is also called the Feast of the Trumpet. The Feast of Trumpets points to the rapture, when Jesus will appear in the heavens as a bridegroom coming for His bride, the church. Some scholars feel that this feast will be fulfilled when Jesus returns to catch away His bride (the rapture), the church, to celebrate the Marriage Supper of the Lamb In heaven. Then He will return seven years later on the Day of Atonement to establish His kingdom beginning on the Feast of Tabernacles. The rapture is associated in scripture with the blowing of a loud trumpet.

 

1 Thessalonians 4:16

“For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a loud shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.”

Special prayers are recited during the Feast of Trumpets. The prayers emphasize God’s mercy, benevolence and forgiveness. The prayers encourage us to reflect on our deeds. The Feast of Trumpets is a time of offering forgiveness and seeking reconciliation with others. During the Feast of Trumpets special services are held where the Scriptures are read and songs of redemption are sung.

A popular observance during Rosh Hashanah is eating apples dipped in honey, a symbol for a sweet new year. The following blessing is recited before the apples are eaten :

“Blessed are You, O lord our God. King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the tree.”

I. Rosh Hashanah is about repentance, redemption, the coming of the Messiah, judgment and creation.

A. Repentance

Repentance is turning from sin to God; changing your mind concerning sin, God, and yourself. It means to “turn back” to God. During the Feast of Trumpets the people examine their lives. They judge themselves. What have they done that God likes this past year? What have they done that God dislikes this past year?

During the Feast of Trumpets the people pray and ask for forgiveness of their sins. They ask God to blot out their transgression.

 

B. Redemption – restoration of a severed relationship with God / renewing your heart toward God.

Redemption is gaining back from another something that you owned before. It also means to buy back for the purpose of setting free from obligation, bondage, or danger. Redemption is salvation from sin, death, and the wrath of God by Jesus’ sacrifice.

 

Psalm 107:2 NKJV

“Let the redeemed of the Lord say so, whom He has redeemed from the hand of the enemy.”

Galatians 3:13 NKJV

“Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a cure for us (for it is written, ‘Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree,’).”

John 8:36 NKJV

Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.”

Romans 3:24 “Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus”

C. Second Coming Of Christ ( the coming of the Messiah – looking forward to the Second Coming of our Lord, Jesus Christ)

At the end of the Great Tribulation Jesus will return to earth. Jesus’ feet will stand on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem. He will defeat the antichrist and throw Satan into a bottomless pit for 1000 years. Jesus will reign over the earth for 1000 years (millennial reign).

Zechariah 14:4a

“And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two…”

D. Judgment – judge yourself, so that God doesn’t have to.

When the millennial reign is over, Satan will again be loosed on earth for a short period of time. He will gather an army to fight against Jesus. Jesus will defeat Satan and his army. The earth will be destroyed by fire and sinners will be judged (The Great White Throne Judgment).

Those who died as sinners will be resurrected (removed from Hell / Hades), to stand before God to be judged for what they did (or did not do) while they were here on earth. Every person whose name is not found in the Book of Life will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.

The Lake of Fire is described several times in the Bible. It is an eternal fire. It is a fire that never goes out. It is black and dark . There will be constant torment with no end – it will NEVER stop.

The Lake of Fire will be a place of extreme suffering, where a person will always remember everything they have done or known. They will always regret not choosing to follow Jesus.

Revelation 20:11-15 NKJV

“Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was no place found for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.”

E. Creation – one day God will create the world anew.

After the final judgment, God promised a new heaven and a new earth. Jesus will give His millennial kingdom to God the Father, the Supreme Ruler. All Christians will live with God forever in a beautiful new universe. God will wipe every tear from our eyes. There will be no more death, sickness or pain.

The Holy City, the New Jerusalem, will come down from heaven and will shine with the glory of the Lord. The city will be made of gold and will be decorated with precious jewels. Down the middle of the city will flow the river of life, and on each side of the river will grow trees of life. The throne of God will be in the city, and people will worship God forever and ever.

Heaven will be far better than we can imagine.

As we draw close to God here on earth, we can experience the same wonderful presence of God that we will experience when we stand before His throne.

1 Corinthians 15:25 NKJV

“Then the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.”

Revelation 21:1-2 NKJV

“Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”

II. The Trumpet

The shofar is blown on Rosh Hashanah (Feast of Trumpets). The shofar sounds something like a trumpet. The end of the shofar is curved and bent as a reminder to bend in respect of God.

1 Corinthians 15:52

“In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.”

The blowing of the trumpet is a sign of the return of Christ and a memorial of God’s grace to Abraham when He substituted a ram to be sacrificed instead of Isaac. Isaac is a type of foreshadowing of Christ. Just as Abraham offered his son on the altar, God offered His Son on Calvary’s altar. The births of Isaac and Jesus Christ were both miracles. Both were obedient to the point of sacrifice.

In Biblical times, trumpets were used in giving signals of war. The Feast of Trumpets also points to spiritual warfare. As Christians we should put on the whole armor of God so that we can stand against the attacks of the enemy. Jesus is our armor because He defeated Satan.

 

Rosh Hashanah (Feast of Trumpets) is a time that people should “awake” and correct their ways. The sound of the shofar is meant to:

1. be a rousing call to repentance on the part of the individual.

2. awaken us and cause us to remember the One and Only Creator,

3. remind people to forsake evil ways

4. draw people back to God.

 

The shofar makes several different sounds, each one has a different meaning.

1. Tekiah – Calls a man to search his heart, abandon his evil ways, and seek God’s forgiveness through repentance.

2. Shevarim – Represents the sorrow that a person feels when they realize that they are wrong (that they are a sinner), and they desire to change their ways (to repent).

3. Teruah – Calls man to stand by the banner of the Lord.

4. Tekiah Gedolah – Represents the final invitation to sincere repentance and atonement (forgiveness).

 

III. A Preparing of the Spirit

The Feast of Trumpets requires a preparing of the spirit. Each person is to take time to look back in self-examination over the events and emotions of the previous year. To be part of the rapture of the church also requires a preparing of the spirit. You must have a personal relationship with Jesus Christ to be part of the Bride of Christ.

A custom still widely observed is the ceremony of Tashlikh. During the ceremony you throw bread crumbs or rocks into a river, lake, or large body of water. This symbolically represents your sins being cast away from you.

Micah 7:19 NKJV

“He will again have compassion on us, and subdue our iniquities. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.”

Review

1.Things I did this past year that pleased God.

 

2. Things I did this past year that displeased God.

 

3. Read Luke 6:37. What does God’s Word say about forgiving?

 

Are there people that you need to forgive?

 

4. What is repentance?

 

5. What is redemption?

 

6. _________________ has redeemed us from the curse of the law.

 

7. At the end of the Great Tribulation Jesus will return to earth. Jesus’ ____________ will stand on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.

 

8. Jesus will defeat the ________________________ and throw Satan into a bottomless pit for 1000 years.

 

9. How long is the millennial reign of Jesus?

 

10. What will happen when the millennial reign is over?

 

11. Every person whose name is not found in the ____________ _____ _____________ will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.

 

12. How is the Lake of Fire is described in the Bible?

 

13. All Christians will live with God forever in a beautiful new universe. God will wipe every ____________ from our eyes. There will be no more death, __________________ or ____________.

 

14. The end of the shofar is curved and bent as a reminder to bend in ____________________ of God.

 

15. What is respect?

 

16. A person must have a ___________________ ____________________________ with Jesus Christ to be part of the Bride of Christ.

 

 

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An Evening Under The Stars

a night under the stars    An Evening Under The Stars

Theme: Biblical Fall Feasts, sukkah

Memory Verse: Leviticus 23:43

Bible Truth: God delivered us from bondage.

 

1. OPEN IN PRAYER

2. INTRODUCTION

The Feast of Tabernacles is a week long autumn harvest festival. It is also known as: The Feast of Ingathering, The Feast of Booths, Sukkoth, Succoth, or Sukkot (pronounced as “Sue-coat”). In Biblical times this feast was the final and most important holiday of the year. Some Bible scholars believe The Feast of Tabernacles points to the millennium reign of Jesus Christ

Leviticus 23:39-43  NKJV     “Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest. And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.”

         Throughout Christian history, many great revivals were held in tents and brush arbors closely resembling the sukkah (tabernacle).

3. PRAISE AND WORSHIP SONGS

1. ______________________________________

2. ______________________________________

4. MEMORY VERSE

Leviticus 23:43  NKJV          “…that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.”

5. SUKKOTH

The word Sukkoth means “booths”, and refers to the temporary dwelling that the Jewish people were commanded to live in during this holiday, just as the Jewish people did in the wilderness after they left Egypt. This holiday commemorates the desert wanderings of the Jewish people on their way to the Promised Land, after God delivered them from bondage. The people were caused to wander about through disobedience, but God was still with them. God still protected them and provided for them. The people were commanded to build temporary dwellings (tabernacles or booths) each year to live in during Sukkot, so that they could remember God’s presence and His faithfulness as a provider and protector.

          What about you…

          How do you acknowledge God’s presence is always with You?

 

          What do you do to remember God’s faithfulness as your provider and protector?

 

Today many Jewish people still build a sukkot for the festival. Almost any building material will do for the sides as long as they are not of a permanent nature. The top is loosely covered with branches so that you can still see the stars through parts of it. They are decorated with fruit, tinsel, paper chains, streamers and pictures of Bible stories. Meals are eaten in the sukkot, accompanied by singing and rejoicing. Some families sleep in their sukkot. It is a place to discuss and meditate on God’s goodness. God has redeemed us from a life of bondage to sin and brought us into His freedom in the Kingdom of God.

When the Israelites were wanderers in the desert they all lived in tents. It did not matter if you were rich or poor. During sukkot all men are equal before God and one another. Each one sits in his flimsy sukkah and considers God, not his own status. The Feast of Tabernacles give a person an opportunity to reflect on God’s great love and majesty, and how they treat others. We too are flimsy tabernacles that should reflect God’s majesty.

          What about you…

          Do you have a special place where you discuss and meditate on God’s goodness?

 

          If you have been redeemed from a life of bondage to sin, how does that make you feel?

 

         How have you treated people this past year? How can you improve in this area?

 

Write a prayer to God acknowledging His majesty and expressing your love to Him.

 

6. CITRON AND LULAV

Sukkot is a season of joy and rejoicing. The men carry a citron and a lulav to the synagogue to wave as they rejoice before the Lord. The lulav has three branches tied together( a palm, a willow, and a myrtle branch), and the citron is a citrus fruit that smells like a lemon. The lulav and the citron point to how our life should be spiritually.

The people took great care in picking out the citron and the items for the lulav. They were careful with what they offered to God. We too should be careful with the quality of the “fruit” that were are offering to God.

          What about you…

         Are you careful with what you offer God?

 

          Rate yourself in the following areas. How do I show…

                   Love     1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                   Joy      1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                   Peace    1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                   Longsuffering (patience)   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                   Kindness    1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                   Goodness    1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                   Faithfulness    1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
                  Gentleness    1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

                  Self-control    1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10

 

7. MEANING OF THE CITRON AND LULAV

Palm – We should not be like the palm. It can only bears fruit (deeds / works). It is not fragrant (spiritual blessings). These people live by the letter of the law but they have no love or compassion, for themselves or others.

Myrtle – We should not be like the myrtle. It is only fragrant, but does not bear fruit. These people are sweet people, but their lives do not produce any real lasting fruit.

Willow – We should not be like the willow. It does not produce fruit or fragrance. These people are blown around by every wind of doctrine and never really know where they are spiritually.

Citron – We should be like the citron. It produces fruit and fragrance. These are God’s steadfast believers who live a balanced life in wisdom before God and man.

          What about you…

          How are you showing love and compassion for others?

 

          Are you producing lasting fruit in your life?

 

          How can you avoid being blown around by every wind of doctrine?

 

          What are you doing to grow spiritually?

 

8. LESSONS FROM THE SUKKAH / lesson 1 – We are strangers in this land.

1 Peter 2:11 NKJV     “Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul”

         Inside of our houses it is easy to begin to feel permanent and self-sufficient and lose sight of our brief time on the earth. The sukkah also speaks of our frailty while we are here–we are but flesh. One day that will all change. Peter referred to our earthly bodies as “tents”. We live for only a short while and we must use every opportunity to encourage others toward Jesus Christ and toward His heavenly kingdom.

2 Peter 1:12-14  NKJV     “For this reason I will not be negligent to remind you always of these things, though you know and are established in the present truth. Yes, I think it is right, as long as I am in this tent, to stir you up by reminding you, knowing that shortly I must put off my tent, just as our Lord Jesus Christ showed me”

          What about you…

          What are some opportunities that you have where you can point others toward Jesus Christ?

 

           How can you encourage fellow believers?

 

9. LESONS FROM THE SUKKAH / Lesson 2 – This world is not our permanent home – it is only temporary.

As people in a land temporary, we must not hold on to things too tightly. Things control and manipulate us. Things can become our gods ( idols) when we begin to hold on to them too tightly. When things become your god, you turn away from the only true and living God.

Our life here is short, but our hope is not in this world. God has provided a better place for the believers.

John 14:2-3  NKJV     “In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also”

          How about you…

          What are some things that people make into a god (idol) ?

 

          How can things or people control or manipulate?

 

          What can you do to make sure your focus is always on God?

 

10. LESSONS FROM THE SUKKAH/ Lesson 3 – God provides for our needs.

God gave the Feast of Tabernacle as a reminder to the people of who He is. We need to seek God’s kingdom, not earthly comfort. As we seek first the kingdom of God, our material needs are provided for by the Lord.

Luke 12:31  NKJV     “But seek the kingdom of God, and all these things shall be added to you”

          What about you…

          Is seeking the things of God a priority in your life?

 

          How has God provided for your needs?

 

11. LESSONS FROM THE SUKKAH / Lesson 4 – We must be able to move when God moves.

We should not get so involved with things of the world that it prevents us from moving when God tells us to. The tabernacle (sukkah) is a flimsy structure and can be taken down and put up in a very short period of time. It is sensitive to the wind, just as we are to be sensitive to the Holy Spirit.

          What about you…

          What are some things that you must be careful not get to involved with?

 

          How can you can stay sensitive to the Holy Spirit?

 

          What are some things that the Holy Spirit has spoken to you to do? Have you obeyed?

 

12. LESSONS FROM THE SUKKAH / Lesson 5-  We must not close God out.

The sukkah is open to the heavens–it can not be closed off. We too are to be open to God. We should never close God out of our lives.

          What about you…

          How do people today close God out of their lives?

 

13. LESSONS FROM THE SUKKAH / Lesson 6- OUR LIFE HERE IS FADING AWAY.

When the sukkah is first put up it is fresh and green. As the days of the Feast of Tabernacles progresses, the leaves begin to dry. Soon they are falling as the wind blows.

Isaiah 64:6  NKJV     “But we are all like an unclean thing, And all our righteousness are like filthy rags; we all fade as a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind have taken us away”

          What about you…

           Everyone will spend an eternity somewhere – some in God’s presence and some in the Lake of Fire. The choices we make while here will determine where we will spend eternity. How have you prepared for your life in eternity?

 

 

14. LIVING SACRIFICE

During this feast the people were to bring a sacrifice each day. Preparing the sacrifices was costly and time-consuming. It required much commitment to God. It required faith and obedience.

Without faith and obedience the work of Jesus Christ on the cross is of no avail. It is not enough to know the facts of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus. We must have a personal relationship with Him.

James 2:17  NKJV     “Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead”

          We must personally act upon it by faith, then we will have the promised salvation. We have to receive it and live it.

Romans 12:1  NKJV     “I beseech you therefore brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service”

          What about you…

          What is a personal relationship?

 

          Do you have a personal relationship with Jesus?

 

          How can you show your commitment to God?

 

          How can you show your obedience to God?

 

          What does holy and acceptable mean to you?

 

15. THE MILLENNIAL REIGN OF JESUS CHRIST

At the end of the Great Tribulation Jesus will return to earth (Second Coming Of Christ). Jesus’ feet will stand on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem. He will defeat the antichrist and throw Satan into a bottomless pit for 1000 years. Jesus will reign over the earth for 1000 years (millennial reign).

Zechariah 14:4      “And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two…”

          When the millennial reign is over, Satan will again be loosed on earth for a short period of time. He will gather an army to fight against Jesus. Jesus will defeat Satan and his army. The earth will be destroyed by fire and sinners will be judged (The Great White Throne Judgment). Those who died as sinners will be resurrected (removed from Hell / Hades), to stand before God to be judged for what they did (or did not do) while they were here on earth. Every person whose name is not found in the Book of Life will be thrown into the Lake of Fire. The Lake of Fire is described several times in the Bible. It is an eternal fire. It is a fire that never goes out. It is black and dark . There will be constant torment with no end – it will NEVER stop.

Revelation 20:11-15  NKJV     “Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was no place found for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.”

          After the final judgment, God promised a new heaven and a new earth. Jesus will give His millennial kingdom to God the Father, the Supreme Ruler. All Christians will live with God forever in a beautiful new universe. God will wipe every tear from our eyes. There will be no more death, sickness or pain. The Holy City, the New Jerusalem, will come down from heaven and will shine with the glory of the Lord. The city will be made of gold and will be decorated with precious jewels.

Down the middle of the city will flow the river of life, and on each side of the river will grow trees of life. The throne of God will be in the city, and people will worship God forever and ever. Heaven will be far better than we can imagine. As we draw close to God here on earth, we can experience the same wonderful presence of God that we will experience when we stand before His throne.

1 Corinthians 15:25  NKJV     “Then the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.”

 

Revelation 21:1-2  NKJV     “Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”

16. WORSHIP SONG –  ______________________________

17. CHALLENGE / ALTAR CALL – WHAT CAN I GIVE?

Sukkot is a time to consider that we are God’s creation. We are to gather up our personal, spiritual fruits of faith and celebrate by giving ourselves in God’s service. The message of Sukkot is total commitment to the Lord and His service.

Each of us must make a commitment to God by first accepting His wonderful gift of salvation through Jesus.

 

Each of us has much that we can give to the Lord:

1. We can give our lives to Him in service.

2. We can use what God gives us (income, food, clothing, shelter) for use in His service.

3. We can use our talents for God’s service.

4. We can share the message of God’s love and salvation with others.

5. We can allow the fruit of the Spirit to overflow on others.

 

Allow time for the children to pray.

          What about you…

          Have you accepted God’s wonderful gift of salvation through Jesus?

 

          How can you give your life in service to God?

 

          How can you use what God gives you (income, food, clothing, shelter) for use in His service?

 

          How can you use your talents for God’s service?

 

          How can you share the message of God’s love and salvation with others?

 

          How can you allow the fruit of the Spirit to overflow on others?

 

18. MEAL UNDER SUKKAH

19. DISMISSAL

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Feast of Tabernacles – One Christian’s Perspective

 

          The Feast of Tabernacles is a week long autumn harvest festival. It is also known as: The Feast of Ingathering, The Feast of Booths, Sukkoth, Succoth, or Sukkot (pronounced as “Sue-coat”).. Some Bible scholars believe the Feast of Tabernacles points to the millennium reign of Jesus Christ

Leviticus 23:39-43  NKJV    

“Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest. And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.”

SUKKOTH

The word Sukkoth means booths, and refers to the temporary dwelling that the Jewish people were commanded to live in during this holiday, just as the Jewish people did in the wilderness after they left Egypt. This holiday commemorates the desert wanderings of the Jewish people on their way to the Promised Land. The people were caused to wander about through disobedience, but God was still with them. God still protected them and provided for them. The people were commanded to build temporary dwellings (tabernacles or booths) each year to live in during Sukkot, so that they could remember God’s presence and His faithfulness as a provider and protector. Today many Jewish people still build a sukkah for the festival. Almost any building material will do for the sides as long as they are not of a permanent nature. The top is loosely covered with branches so that you can still see the stars through parts of it. They are decorated with fruit, tinsel, paper chains, streamers and pictures of Bible stories. Meals are eaten in the sukkah, accompanied by singing and rejoicing. Some families sleep in their sukkah. It is a place to discuss and meditate on God’s goodness.. God has redeemed us from a life of bondage to sin and brought us into His freedom in the Kingdom of God.

When the Israelites were wanderers in the desert they all lived in tents. It did not matter if you were rich or poor. During sukkot all men are equal before God and one another. Each one sits in his flimsy sukkah and considers God, not his own status. The Feast of Tabernacles give a person an opportunity to reflect on God’s great love and majesty, and how they treat others. We too are flimsy tabernacles that should reflect God’s majesty.

CITRON AND LULAV

Sukkot is a season of joy and rejoicing. The men carry a citron and a lulav to the synagogue to wave as they rejoice before the Lord. The lulav has three branches tied together( a palm, a willow, and a myrtle branch), and the citron is a citrus fruit that smells like a lemon. The lulav and the citron point to how our life should be spiritually.

The people took great care in picking out the citron and the items for the lulav. They were careful with what they offered to God. We too should be careful with the quality of the “fruit” that were are offering to God.

Palm – We should not be like the palm. It can only bears fruit (deeds / works). It is not fragrant (spiritual blessings). These people live by the letter of the law but they have no love or compassion, for themselves or others.

Myrtle – We should not be like the myrtle. It is only fragrant, but does not bear fruit. These people are sweet people, but their lives do not produce any real lasting fruit.

Willow – We should not be like the willow. It does not produce fruit or fragrance. These people are blown around by every wind of doctrine and never really know where they are spiritually.

Citron – We should be like the citron. It produces fruit and fragrance. These are God’s steadfast believers who live a balanced life in wisdom before God and man.

SOME IMPORTANT LESSONS

You can learn many lessons from the sukkot. Some  important lessons are:

(1) We are strangers in this land.

1 Peter 2:11 NKJV    

“Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul”

     Inside of our houses it is easy to begin to feel permanent and self-sufficient and lose sight of our brief time on the earth. The sukkah also speaks of our frailty while we are here–we are but flesh. One day that will all change. Peter referred to our earthly bodies as “tents”. We live for only a short while and we must use every opportunity to encourage others toward Jesus Christ and toward His heavenly kingdom.

2 Peter 1:12-14  NKJV    

“For this reason I will not be negligent to remind you always of these things, though you know and are established in the present truth. Yes, I think it is right, as long as I am in this tent, to stir you up by reminding you, knowing that shortly I must put off my tent, just as our Lord Jesus Christ showed me”

(2) This world is not our permanent home – it is only temporary.

As people in a land temporary, we must not hold on to things too tightly. Things control and manipulate us. Things can become our gods ( idols) when we begin to hold on to them too tightly. When things become your god, you turn away from the only true and living God.

Our life here is short, but our hope is not in this world. God has provided a better place for the believers.

John 14:2-3  NKJV    

“In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also”

(3) God provides for our needs.

God gave the Feast of Tabernacle as a reminder to the people of who He is. We need to seek God’s kingdom, not earthly comfort. As we seek first the kingdom of God, our material needs are provided for by the Lord.

Luke 12:31  NKJV    

“But seek the kingdom of God, and all these things shall be added to you”

(4) We must be able to move when God moves.

We should not get so involved with things of the world that it prevents us from moving when God tells us to. The tabernacle (sukkah) is a flimsy structure and can be taken down and put up in a very short period of time. It is sensitive to the wind, just as we are to be sensitive to the Holy Spirit.

(5) We must not close God out.

The sukkah is open to the heavens–it can not be closed off. We too are to be open to God. We should never close God out of our lives.

Amos 9:11  NKJV        

  “On that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David, which has fallen down. And repair its damages; I will raise up its ruins; and rebuild it as in the days of old”

          The Tabernacle of David was a flimsy tent where glorious worship and fellowship with God took place. It may have been fragile and unsightly, but it enabled the Israelites to look out the door and see the glory of the Lord hovering over them. Throughout Christian history, many great revivals were held in tents and brush arbors closely resembling the sukkah (tabernacle).

When the sukkah is first put up it is fresh and green. As the days of the Feast of Tabernacles progresses, the leaves begin to dry. Soon they are falling as the wind blows.

Isaiah 64:6  NKJV    

“But we are all like an unclean thing, And all our righteousness are like filthy rags; we all fade as a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind have taken us away”

LIVING SACRIFICE

During this feast the people were to bring a sacrifice each day. Preparing the sacrifices was costly and time-consuming. It required much commitment to God. It required faith and obedience. Without faith and obedience the work of Jesus Christ on the cross is of no avail. It is not enough to know the facts of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus. We must have a personal relationship with Him.

James 2:17  NKJV    

“Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead”

  We must personally act upon it by faith, then we will have the promised salvation. We have to receive it and live it.

Romans 12:1  NKJV   

  “I beseech you therefore brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service”

Each of us has much that we can give to the Lord:

1. We can give our lives to Him in service.

2. We can use what God gives us (income, food, clothing, shelter) for use in His service.

3. We can use our talents for God’s service.

4. We can share the message of God’s love and salvation with others.

5. We can allow the fruit of the Spirit to overflow on others.

Sukkot is a time to consider that we are God’s creation. We are to gather up our personal, spiritual fruits of faith and celebrate by giving ourselves in God’s service. The message of Sukkot is total commitment to the Lord and His service.

THE MILLENNIAL REIGN OF JESUS CHRIST

At the end of the Great Tribulation Jesus will return to earth (Second Coming Of Christ). Jesus’ feet will stand on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem. He will defeat the antichrist and throw Satan into a bottomless pit for 1000 years. Jesus will reign over the earth for 1000 years (millennial reign).

Zechariah 14:4    

  “And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two…”

          When the millennial reign is over, Satan will again be loosed on earth for a short period of time. He will gather an army to fight against Jesus. Jesus will defeat Satan and his army. The earth will be destroyed by fire and sinners will be judged (The Great White Throne Judgment). Those who died as sinners will be resurrected (removed from Hell / Hades), to stand before God to be judged for what they did (or did not do) while they were here on earth. Every person whose name is not found in the Book of Life will be thrown into the Lake of Fire. The Lake of Fire is described several times in the Bible. It is an eternal fire. It is a fire that never goes out. It is black and dark . There will be constant torment with no end – it will NEVER stop.

Revelation 20:11-15  NKJV    

“Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was no place found for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.”

          After the final judgment, God promised a new heaven and a new earth. Jesus will give His millennial kingdom to God the Father, the Supreme Ruler. All Christians will live with God forever in a beautiful new universe. God will wipe every tear from our eyes. There will be no more death, sickness or pain. The Holy City, the New Jerusalem, will come down from heaven and will shine with the glory of the Lord. The city will be made of gold and will be decorated with precious jewels. Down the middle of the city will flow the river of life, and on each side of the river will grow trees of life. The throne of God will be in the city, and people will worship God forever and ever. Heaven will be far better than we can imagine. As we draw close to God here on earth, we can experience the same wonderful presence of God that we will experience when we stand before His throne.

1 Corinthians 15:25  NKJV    

“Then the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.”

Revelation 21:1-2  NKJV    

“Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”

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